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Monday, May 7, 2012

The Happy End...

As in all stories and fairy tales we have a happy end, here we come to the happy ending of this blog and to this wonderful class and wonderful experience. The semester is over and as in America time flies and you don't feel it. It feels like yesterday when i started this blog with my favorite tale "Cinderella". 

Fairy tale has been absolutely one of my favorite class as being a dreamer i love to escape to the imaginary or fantasy world sometimes. As this was my first year in America this fantasy world and dreaming with the tales helped me to heal some of the lonely times far from my wonderful world where i am a princes Europe (same as Ofelia in Pan's Labyrinth we both are in worlds we don't belong to).

Going through my blog posts i found how much things we covered and how many things i learned from this class that i never imagined the world of fairy tales was hiding from me. I started this blog with my favorite fairy tale Cinderella but going through the reading i think the Grim Brothers Snow White could replace my childhood favorite Cinderella tale. As Snow White can be interpreted in many ways and can bee seen in more realistic point of view on who is Snow White who represent the queen after herself becoming a queen. In short the incorporation of evil and good and the perspective in which we may see this tale and tales in general. 

Through this class i learned to understand and realize the under themes used in fairy tales. Everything has significance a color, a knife, scissors even the clothes one wears. Everything is related to the story. Sexuality, beauty, jealousy are all this found in fairy tales shown from the little object, words, sings etc.
I really loved the blog of the Freud and Jung interpretation. As always been fascinated from the psychoanalytical way of looking at things this to great school of thoughts made a great interpretation of how our mind and our rational thinking work. I even watched the movie "A Dangerous Methods" an interpretation of Freud's and Jung's psychoanalysis and interpretation of dreams, very interesting movie.

During this class we quite read many kind of fairy tales from different countries and traditions. Absolutely my favorite is the Arabian night. Very charming the power of storytelling, wide used even now days by our politician’s worldwide, the power on how well you say a story and keep your listener amused. I love the Arabic stories as so many of the greatest tales that i grew up come from there. 

Our guest lectures were another great part about this class. All the guest speakers were great and each of them unique but the one i enjoyed most was Dr Ochieng' K'Olewe that explained the beauty of African Kenyan fairy tales. As diversity is always an interesting thing seeing all this different guest lecturer from different countries sharing with us not only the tales but the real lived experience that they had in that particular country or community was really wonderful and very educative. 

In the end i loved this blog mostly i loved reading other people blogs for this i did commented in this last time on two peoples blogs that i mostly enjoyed while reading through the semester. A big thank you to Dr. Esa for making this class a real great class and for his great enthusiasm while teaching the great power of storytelling and the interpretation of Fairy Tales. 

Happy End of this fairy tale blog.....









Pan's Labyrinth -- El Laberinto del Fauno


Pan's Labyrinth or in  Spanish El Laberinto del Fauno is a dark fantasy movie released for the public in 2006. This movie became very famous world wide and won many awards. The movie is in Mexican Spanish language and was written and directed by a Mexican film maker Guillermo del Toro.
Our guest lecturer Dr. Deveny took us into the depth of this movie understanding even the smallest details that connect the real world with the fantasy or fairy tale world.
Pan's Labyrinth interweaves the real world with a fantasy world with the center a labyrinth and a mysterious foun creature. The movie takes place in Spain some years after the civil war during the Francoist period in 1944.The main character is a little girl Ofelia she meet several magical creatures who lead her though the labyrinth garden. Ofelia is a princes from another world who has come to this world by accident and she has to accomplish some tasks in order to go back to her magical world. Ofelia's step father Capitain Vidal is one of the most negative figure during the movie , he hunts Spanish Maquis who fights against the Fascist reign in the region. Ofelia's mother is a nice lady who gets sick during her pregnancy and dies after she gives birth to Ofelia's brother.
In this movie they are many dark side and a mix of the real world with the fantasy world which makes you confused which one is to follow. There are ,many indication connected to Ofelias fantasy that are connected to fairy tales. In order for Ofelia to go back to her real world where she is a princes she has to follow some tasks given by the faun. The faun in many situation you don't know if she should trust it or not.Ofelia undertakes some very dangerous tasks first she has three magic stones that she has to make a huge frog eat it in order for the frog to throw up a magic key. This episode takes place inside an old tree with many insect around but Ofelia is strong and not frightened by them. 
She is supposed to complete all the tasks by the third day of the full moon. She also has a half moon as a birth mark in her left shoulder that will be crucial when she opens the little box at the monsters house. The number three same as in fairy tales is very present in this movie. The worst part and the most horrible one form me was when Ofelia has to go to this place and she should not eat anything from the table there is a monster with his eyes in the plates. Ofelia complete her task but after she could not resist to the food and  ate a small grape . As soon as she ate the monster woke up put his eyes into his palms and went toward to eat Ofelia.  The faun had given to her three little protectors while two where eaten by the monster .She survives this horrible task but the sequences were not as very pleased to watch. 
In the end Ofelia dyes and she goes to her magic world where she ruled and became a blessed princes. In the real world she died the fascist were overthrown her step father was killed by the Spanish Maquis and her little brother was left in the hands of the good Maquis people. 
This movie become very famous and won many awards as i previously mentioned by still i found it very dark and many of the scenes were very violent to watch. I would say this movie looked more as an horror than fantasy. Despite it the interaction between fantasy and the real world was a greta mixed. I would see it as a kind of escaping from the harsh environment of the war Ofelia goes into this fantasy world where she is a princes and every thing is beaitful and calm. The end of the move  looks like the great world were she would be this princes is the after world when she dies so we have some kind of religious descripiton through the tale as well. Over all i would say i liked the move but i would not considered to be one movie to be seen for entertainment, to violent for my taste. The spanish language was great as it gave to the movie more magical effect i loved that . This absolutely not a movie for children but a fairy tale for gown up and you have to see it many times in order to understand many under themes that this dark fantasy movie holds.  

Adivasis in India : Keeping Alive the Tradition

In this class we had the privilege to have as a guest lecture the wonderful Dr. Alles that gave a wonderful description of Adivasis culture,tradition and how they incorporate tales into them.Adivasi are rural people in India they live in Gujarat and they make up to 50% off the population. The importance of tales for some cultures around the world  has a enormous significance than in other parts. Like the Adivasis in India the myths and legends are what keeps the tradition alive for these people so their tradition will not be forget by the upcoming generations. They also have gods incorporated into their stories that makes these stories to be more alive during every day routine for the people. They also have many ceremony that also incorporate respect for god and the story is what has kept for centuries and  made this tradition to be alive and celebrated form the people each year.

Dr. Alles gave an incredible presentation from a perspective eye to eye, face to face while he visited the country and this community himself.That is an important part if you want to fully understand some kind of tradition of a country or a group of people best is to fully live it your self. For this Dr. Alles presentation about this community was more interested  that just being researched . He had pictures with the people of this communities , during the festivals and during their rituals. It seemed that despite gaining a real perspective of their traditions Dr. Alles really enjoyed himself while drinking Adivasis traditional drinks and trying their food from the ground, (that he claims was clean and tasted good).

Three main stories: A story about Mahura, the importance of drinking
The story about Babo Tumbo
The sotry of Babo Pithoro

In the pictures were mainly the times during the ceremony first was honoring the gods by sending to them goods such as a chickens etc. Another part of the ceremony was painting living room walls with all kind of pictures while each of them told a different story.While some of the pictures were sexual but in the end that does not matter much when is part of the culture that does say a story itself.


The planting of trees and sitting around it telling stories, drinking and partying all nights was a ceremony attended by Dr. Alles. The food was made on the ground and the  traditional drinks was made by the locals themselves. The slaughtering of the animals was a tradition  where goats, lambs, chicken would be seen slaughter spreading their blood allover the place. If the gods claim that is what it takes to purify the community who can tell  is wrong. Despite all the reaction that some of the photos made in class Dr. Alles self experience journey in India was incredibly fascinating as well as the Adivasis traditions. The myths and legend are told in front of all ages so every one will listen, learn and retell them in order to keep  the tradition of Adivasis alive.

Thursday, April 26, 2012

"People need stories more than bread itself"Arabian night


I start this blog with a powerful quote from the movie that shows the importance of the stories and the story telling in the Arabic culture "One Thousand and One Nights" said in English the "Arabian Night" or in Arabic "Alf Layla wa Layla "
 "People need stories more than bread itself- they tell us how to live and why".

We had an interesting lecture from Dr. Esa about Arabic folk tales and the power of story telling. Most people around the world are familiar with "One Thousand and One Nights" stories. The number 1001 it is very imponrtat in Arabic culture as that means infinity so adding one more number to it makes this number extra ordinary as the stories it self.This are a collection of stories from different periods and different places.
The main story start with tow brothers in rivalry and the cheating of the wife as the other brothers lover. One of the brother kills the women and from that moment he mistrust every women so he marries virgins and had them killed the next morning. After this was going on fro sometimes fear was spread among females on who will be next. After being fascinated from the beauty and power of the story telling the daughter of a wazir decided to volunteer to be the next wife of the king with the home that with the power of the story telling she can save him herself and  other women.
With the power of story telling she saves him and gives him 3 boys. While watching the movie Arabian Night i could not stop it i just wanted to know the end even though the movie was as long as two hours i didn't realise that i took so long as that what the power of story telling does , takes time way and without realizing it is morning and you just don't want to stop hearing them.
The style of the Arabic tales is much more complex than other tales we have read in class. Much more action it is involved and much more moral such as the given wealth taken away and the way to get back. It is more like a teaching lesson on how to live life and how to fulfill your desires by fate and after by choice or wit.



Sunday, April 8, 2012

"Kribu Rafiki" Welcome Friend

Last week we had  as a guest speaker Dr. Ochieng'  K'Olewe, which gave an interesting lecture that turned   to be one of the most interesting classes of all times not only for me but for many in the class.
In African "Kenyan" fairy tales in the form of oral literature are not only for entertainment but for bringing communities together , gather families  and deliver important messages. In this story telling we have the teller and the audience that is not only a listener but a responding audience as well as the teller will call many times and the audience would have to respond to the call. Remember "Paokwa" -"Pakawa" , Once upon a time........

Stories in Kenya were told in the dark that generated because stories are older that electricity so at the time the story teller will just interpret under the moon light. Another reason it is that in the dark the listener will follow the voice without distraction and remember the story better so the darkness it is used even to capture the listener attention.

In this stories we find many significance messages or advises. As in Africa and in many countries important is the ability to survive. To survive you need to have the ability to think fasts on your feet that will get you out of troubles. "Wit" is celebrated, quick thinking.

The significance of this stories is that they show values , believes , attitudes and portrait African societies. Many of this stories deliver a moral "Be thankful of what you have". The mores and morality of the society.

Another important thing in oral society are the "songs". A song by itself it is a story.
Karibu -Rafiki  song that mean welcome friend, you will find a video made in class by me while we were  singing this song with Dr. K'Olewe.

Each of the stories deliver a different message , moral or advise, for example the mosquito story says to us that it is a reason why things happen  the way they happen.Or a contemporary issue you can turn it into a narrative (The Somalia story)
History is important as it is were all this stories, generated from shared experience myths and fact.

The importance of drums. I don't want to leave without mention this important African instrument the "drums". The talking drums , drums were the first way of communication and play an important role while singing and int he story telling.

Asante -Thank you

Monday, April 2, 2012

Jewish Folktales vs Reality

As  I start  to read the Jewish folktales  they sound very familiar to me. I am asking my self how come Jewish folktales are so similar to Albanian folktales? In my mind  start to flow the history of Jewish people.Living in diaspora their folktales originate from different countries and because  of Jewish migration due to history this folktales spread world wide more than any others.

 Despite their familiarity Jewish folktales are more religious and tend to put god as the only magnificent that can change things from worst to great.This magical powers are not put in the hand of a fairy grandmother but in the hand of a religious man like a "rabbi" being the only person with magical godly power this folktales personify  god as your only choice to justice and happiness. This folktales being to religious in my opinion focus to much on the fact of how other people from other religious hate Jewish and try to full them and in the end the smart Jewish person always wins.In my opinion this are very religious tales to make Jewish children think that everyone hates you because you are Jewish and the only way you can survive is not to trust others and be smart and listen to rabbis.

Like in the case of tale "The Rabbi and the Inquisitor" ,We have a wicked priest that hates Jews. We have the rabbi that is about to lose its live for something he has not done(as always it is never their fault) ,we have the rabbi not trusting the Grand Inquisitor  (showing that Jewish never should trust as always is injustice done to them)and in the end by the rabbi right instinct and trick he saves his own life (if you want to be a Jew and alive you have to be smart). This looks more like propaganda tales to tell to jewish
children and unfortunately often they get into  them.It is sadly that this folktales onse confirm how Jewish community educated their children and their people and once more it is not true that every one hates Jewish people and that injustice is done to them.It is an irony of fate that this old folktales show the time when this injustice were done towards the Jewish people and now in the 21st century we have Jewish people applying the same injustice manners toward other minority groups such as the Palestinians.

The folktale "A dispute in sing language" is the one that i heard as a child in my country Albania but the end will be a bit different, would not include "god" or "Jewish people" but people and the entire world. So the tale would be less religious and more kind of  tale that gives the wow effect in the end and showing that are two kinds of people out there the ones that think always in the negative way and the ones that think in the positive.

"Chelm Justice" this tales once more focus on the importance of the minority groups where the needs overcome justice.
The magic Mirror of Rabbi Adam"  once again we have a religious talk where the power of rabbi will save the life of a Jew were his wicked betrayer wife is planing with her lover to kill him .Once more the rabbi will save the poor jewish person only after he had fully trusted the rabbi and done whatever he said him to do(delivering very strong religious messages).

My favorite of this religious Jewish tales is  "It could always be worse" , this tale is very famous in my country Albania as well , small , poor communities where people complain a lot. I like the message that it hold as it is true that many people take what they have for granted and start complaining making their life's miserable. Through this tale we see the important message that everyone should carry and as always is said in my country "Don't complain, It could Always get Worst".

Sunday, March 25, 2012

Cinderella vs. Reality

Rags the Riches......

Cinderella and her glorious fate.Is it possible that from having nothing you can have everything through marriage or magic?

I do not see Cinderella as the girl that does nothing and one beautiful day she gets everything through magic. Cinderella is a very active girl that works in the house, is respectful, even after badly treated by her stepmother and her step sisters she never gets evil she keeps her kindnesses and vulnerability.She is pretty and even though is living her live as many would consider miserable she never lost faith and never stooped dreaming.And one day all her dreams , her goodness and her work got rewarded by getting the happiness she always wanted.

Even thought her happiness comes through marriage and the way she got that reward was with the help with magic that came from a fairy grandmother , tree, birds , cow etc , i find the message that Cinderella delivers very close to reality. The message in this fairy tale is not that marriage is the way to wealth but is more like after all her work and her pure soul she got rewarded with fulfillment of her dream to have happiness that in her case was more towards love than wealth.She got the love that was denied to her , the treatment and happiness  that she deserved, from the prince.


In real life we do not have fairy grandmothers or trees that help us to get happiness or wealth but if we are good as good as Cinderella , good things will happen to us, people and fate will help us. Life had shown that to good people good things happen. We should not forget that those tales were written at an early time where the role of female in the society did  not have the impact that it has now days. Woman were non independent and the only way to get rewarded for being a good person was to be married to an handsome prince.

If we will have a 2012 Cinderella she most probably in our democracy were we have  "rule of law" she will get after age of 18 all the wealth that her father may have left for her and her stepmother would be imprisonment for child abuse.Further more Cinderella will inherit all her fathers money invest them become a successful business women and marry her childhood best male friend that was always next to her when she need it him.This is how i would interpret a converted  Cinderella of 2012 she got wealth, love and justice.

Cinderella being my favorite tale , i think it holds many messages and they should not be misinterpreted, as i think this tale it helps and gives so much hope to all the little girls/boys out there that need that touch of magic to be strong and have faith that life really does get better ones you keep doing your work , keep dreaming and most important keep staying a good vulnerable person.

This was the age-old yearbook dream come true  of many Cinderellas  around the world  :
And this is the new dream come true of many Cinderellas in the world :

Sunday, March 11, 2012

Literature from the perspective of sign language

On our last class we had the pleasure to have as our guest Dr. Mark Rust an ASL professor at McDaniel College. He presented to us the beautiful part of the sign language and how literature it can be visible as well. That was an interested explanation I never thought that we could see the voice as he explained .So voice can not be only heard but seen as well. He illustrated his presentation of this beautiful language with videos and funny stories. The part that I didn't know and I ask Dr. Rust as how the deaf people could read the normal text just like everyone one and they can right back to you but just the hearing voice is interpreted with signs instead of vocals.

ASL was recognized as a language in 1996. Before and even now Dr. Rust explained to us how important is the need of this language for the all deaf community to share the same signs and share their ideas and have a beautiful life. As many problems as such were identifies like school within 3 miles with each other would teach to their deaf students different signs for the same word  for example on how to interpret the word  “name” those kids would interpret in different way. For those kids to communicate with each other was not even possible.  But I am happy that some people like Dr. Rust are looking to solving this kind of problems and helping those children in need.

ASL as in poetry and prose, we may think that sign language is interpret word by word as we speak the English words, but is not like that the words are taken as a definition and put  a sign for that and not every word is expressed with a separate sign, but more like as group of words that form a certain meaning and illustrated with images makes it easier and faster to understand. In this visual literature it is important the body language and facial expression as that make is easier for the poem or prose to be   more enjoyable and understandable. But as many works such as Lewis Carroll’s “The Jabberwocky”    it is difficult to understand this prose while reading it  but it is much easier to understand it with the help of sings, facial expression and body language.

Another interesting discovery from this class was the feeling of music. The explanation of visual language in songs and how they felt the music through the base and not being able to hear it they can feel the music from inside them. The song must be carrying the same rhythm and be translated as conceptualized not as literary to be understood.

I really enjoyed this lecture of Dr. Rust I learned so much about ASL and I really got to learn some really nice signs (the best friend sign) that I did share with my best friend.  As I find ASL a very important language in the world, I’m so happy that ASL is growing day by day and more and more people are interested in learning and helping the development between the written and visual literature and this language as a whole. 

Rust,Mark."Fairy Tales and Story Telling in ASL".Lecture, March 8th 2012.



Sunday, March 4, 2012

How much do you love your fairy tale blog?

This blog will be an overview  for all the blog entry's  posted from a classmate of mine. I will be reading throughout Mike's blog and give an overall reflection about it.

We kinda have the same reason for taking this class as same me and Mike are pushed from the curiosity of the difference between original fairy tales and the Disney version. Thought being a boy his favorite fairy tale is quite different from mine (Peter Pan) and mine (Cinderella)but in (blog post 1) i think he gives a good explanation of why he chose this class and about his favorite fairy tale.

A great description of fairy tales (blog post 2) i really liked the explanation of fairy tales it is very detailed well explained and i like the fact that he used different fairy tales to explain some important features.

Again in (blog 3) we have a good description of the psychoanalysis of fairy tales though in this blog a title is missing. I think a title is important as it is the first thing that captures the eye of the reader.

(Blog 4)This by far is my favorite blog entry i found very interesting the humorous carton compared with the original tale of Red Riding hood. The cartoon was funny though very different from the original tale of Red Riding hood i found it a good one and a nice interpretation of it .Well done.

(Blog 5)A description of Cupid and Psyche and the tale "The Frog Princes" I found it not really good interpreted. First it is not a clear description of "Cupid and Psyche"  to be compare with "The Frog Princes" I think Mike should have given first a broader overview of  "Cupid and Psyche" (one of the most famous love myths) and after point out the differences and similarities that are much more than what he points out.

(Blog 6) Here we have a good interpretation of the Snow White though many details comparing the song with the original tale are left aside. I do not like the title of this blog (Sonne of the bitch)  what?? This is a fairy tale blog and that title scared me. On the song "Sonne" i do not think the main theme it is  the way the author of the blog defines Snow White but I think the most important part it is that who is harming Snow White in this version it is her self and that we can harm our self more than others can do if we leave our addictions to overcome us.

Overall was a good blog and i enjoyed reading. I would recommend to Mike to make it a bit more colorful in all senses. In this blog also more pictures would help make it  look less cold as it is a fairy tale blog so a touch with some pictures will be great. Another think be careful with the title as i think that is a very important as i mentioned before , plus a description of your self on a side would be recommended.
 Good job and interesting comparisons.

Snow White as the Queen ..

I found very interesting the video in the song "Sonne" from the German metal band Rammstein.They are from Berlin and formed their band in 1994, the band consist of six boys. They like to use fairy tales theme in their videos but they show the dark and sexual side of them. Enjoy the song and keep reading.........

This is a quite different description of the pure Snow White of the Brothers Grimm but we find some similarities as well. In the video she is wearing the same clothes as she wears in the Disney movie but the look of her face is not as pure as the Brothers Grimm make her to be. In the video we do not see any other character as the wicked/queen, the hunter, or the prince, just Snow White and the seven dwarfs. I think all the characters are personified in her she is the wicked addicted/queen and that house is her kingdom and the dwarfs are her slaves. Her beauty and size makes the dwarfs to obey her and bring her the gold to sniff it ( as a drug). It is very interesting because in this description Snow White is the evil and the one to harm her self but the dwarfs are also helping her to kill herself providing her with the gold poison (drug). At the time where she is punishing them spanking them you can not actually see her arm but in the shadow you will see the dark image of her that personify the dark side of Snow White.


 Another image showing that Snow White is personified as the wicked queen or maybe as ( Snow Whites evil side not shown in the original tale) she is sitting in front of a mirror and one of the dwarfs is combing her hair with a comb that here does not seem to be harming her. In many tales this shows that she has the power   and the dwarfs are her slaves.Though she posses more sexual power as the dwarfs are sexually attracted by her.


 Another similarity we have the apple that even in this song plays an important part.The dwarfs are polishing the apples for her apparently the apple personify Snow White, she likes the red apples as red as her lips. In this case is not the apple who kills her but her addiction for the gold drug. We can compare it with the original tale as the Queen in the Disney version  is her addiction for beauty who made her evil and killed her. So this can be interpreted that every addiction can kill you if not controlled. In this song after she is found dead overdosed in the bath , the dwarfs dressed her so they sow her naked  and put her in a glass casket at the top of the mountain same as the original tale. What wakes Snow White up is not a prince but the apple that falls from the tree breaking the glass that in the original tale is what kills her.We will even see one of the dwarfs with a big guitar at the top of the hill that can be the same dwarf in the original tale that stayed as a guard to protected her dead body. As many similar episodes can be found between the Brothers Grimm tale and  Rammstein but interpreted differently but Rammstein did not what to say us this is another tale but that this is the same tale but another side of it. Another similarity that i found the only one that is unique with the original tale is the love of the dwarfs for Snow White,  after she dies  they are both sad same as in  the tale and in the song .We have a guard  that stays to protect her but in the original tale it is her goodness that makes her to be loved and in this song it it her sexuality that makes them to love her. In this song she is strong  but she is the one to harm herself so Rammstein are trying to tell us that  we can harm our self more than other can do if the evil side of us is superior to our good side. 

I like the description of Snow White in this song i find it more realistic and it would  be interesting if this version would have been a movie. In the song are many under themes that shows the real personalty how human kind is and if we would compare it with the Jungian or Freudian psychology the description of Snow White in this song would have been closer on how man kind thinks and behaves. 

Sunday, February 26, 2012

As similar as you never thought;" Cupid and Psyche" and "Beauty and The Beast"

I will start this blog with an interpretation of this beautiful sculpture of "Cupid and Psyche". This beautiful Western European Art dates back to 1787 and it is made by the talented sculptor Antonio Canova.This work of "Cupid and Psyche" is considered to be one of the best work by the exponents of the Roman School of Sculpture. Following the fashion at the time the sculptor brings with this sculpture an episode from the Greek tale "Cupid and Psyche", the moment when "Cupid brings his dying love back in life with a kiss" for this this sculpture is called "Psyche Revived by Cupid's Kiss". The composition of the sculpture varies in smooth rhythmic lines the figure gives a sense of harmony and graceful gestures creating a decorative atmosphere. This magnificent work was a request of Prince Yusupov in Rome in 1796 now is in the Musée du Louvre (Lovre museum), Paris.

Coming back to my assignment comparing the story of Cupid and Psyche with another story with the same theme.Many tales have things in common with "Cupid and Psyche" like "The Frog Princes" "Urashima" etc. But immediately in my mind comes the tale "Beauty and the Beast" by Jeanne-Marie Leprince De Beaumont, even though they differ in many ways the story line of "Beauty and the Beast "is incredible similar with the great and most known  Greek love tale "Cupid and Psyche". 
Psyche is the youngest of three daughters and even the most beautiful of them. She is that beautiful that people forget about their goddess Venus. This makes Venus furious and jealous how a mortal could be more beautiful than her so sends her son Cupid to make possible that she falls in love with the most veil person. But when Cupid sees her and her beauty he fells in love with her as he sees her beautiful soul. From where even her name "Psyche" comes from Greek meaning "soul". Amazed from her beauty accidentally Cupid points his arrow and shoots himself instead and falls deeply in love with her. As her enormous beauty makes it hard for her to be married with a mortal her parents are forced to send her to the mountain where it is said that she would have to be married with a monster. Psyche finds herself in a beautiful palace, she has servants but never sees them and she would meet Cupid her master only at night but never sees him. When her sisters visit her they were dying from envy when they sow their sisters rich life but soon they got to know that she has never seen her husband so they tell her that voices around are that he is a horrible serpent and that she should see him and kill him to get her freedom back. When her sisters left Psyche was left with this terrible thought so she decided to see her husband. When night comes she gets a candle and a knife while he is sleeping but instead of a horrible snake she finds the beautiful god Cupid. Amazed she gets closer to kiss him but drops from the candle felt into him , awake and angry he flies away.While trying to see him she puncture herself with Cupids arrow and fell deeply in love with him. 

In search of her love Psyche has to accomplish many tasks given from Venus if she wants to get him back. In the end her curiosity puts her in the path of death only to be rescued by a kiss from her love Cupid. They got married and lived happily ever after. 

Beauty same as Psyche has older sisters who are less pretty than her and jealous of her. She was very beautiful and same as Psyche was admired by every one so they called her Beauty and Psyche was recognized after the goddess of beauty Venus. The similarities continue between this two tales while they are prettier than they sisters they are even different from them as rather than wealth they are more  interested in love,virtue and kindness. Both of them have a sense of curiosity even though Psyche has it more and puts herself in trouble , Beauty has it as well while they found themselves in a beautiful castle both of them had servants or heard music but never sow a living soul around them. Both of them had to see their "monster" only at a certain time not all the time. After a while both of them enjoyed and loved their "monster". Both Beauty and Psyche had to go and live with a monster as a sacrifice for their family. While Beauty and Psyche both had to see their masters at the evening Beauty on the side gets to know the Beast better and fells in love with his soul on the other side Cupid does not want Psyche to see him so makes her to believe that he is a monster so she fells in love with him and not for who he is.In both tales is elaborated the importance of having a beautiful soul instead of an enormous beauty. The sisters of  both Beauty and Psyche are that jealous about their happiness that they try to destroy it. Beauty and Psyche both ended marrying the kind , beautiful prince/god  and their evil sisters got the punishment they deserved  "Beauty and the Beast" and "Cupid and Psyche" lived Happily Ever After. 


Sources: 

http://www.pitt.edu/~dash/cupid.html
 Maria Tatar,.. "The Classic Fairy Tales" , 1999,New York-London,
www.hermitagemuseum.org

Saturday, February 25, 2012

A 21st century Red Riding Hood

Before going to the assignment number 4 I would like to share this song with you. In class we talked a lot about little red riding hood and why this tale could be interpreted as sexual ,as well little big red riding hood as a pretty girl that the wolf really desires. Enjoy the song and the interesting picture.

Coming back to my assignment, I found this add with the theme of red riding hood and felt in love with it. I had always been scared of this tale and in a certain way i was annoyed why little red riding hood could  not be strong enough to fight the wolf. This add I think is great for the purpose that it is made. I think it is perfect because it even holds a message as well, in a way the red riding hood innocence, fragile and weak does not exist any more, now in the 21st century women are stronger, have more power and can fight the wolf back.So women even if they do not know how to fight the wolf back (the wolf personify an attacker the evil) you always can make a choice like to attend a martial art school get some lesion and leave happy, independent,stronger and secure.


This add is for a martial art school and i think is best described through the tale of red riding hood. If even red riding hood can fight and defeat through martial art the big wolf I guest we all should get some martial art lessons. 

This video is presented by the Ringling school of Art and Design 
They used the red riding hood tale to explain the importance of martial art, if you see carefully even the basket that she holds can be used as a weapon to defeat the wolf
 Animated  by Hyun-Ho Choi





Sunday, February 12, 2012

Psychology of the Fairy Tales


 Each tale follows a path and in this path shows the changes of a person in this journey. It delivers a message as we go toward in our path we develop, we grow, we change and in the end we come back as a different person. In the end of our journey we have collected so much and we have changed so much so we understand the world in a different way. But each journey of each person is different but the similarity is that everyone has to go through the journey everyone has to go through the experience, through this path and everyone will return in the end but he will return changed as a person that has done its journey and has learned all the important stuff. This seems more like the path of our life’s, this is our journey and each of us will live it, experience different things in different ways but in the end we have to go back  there where we came from.

This week our guest lecture Dr. Mazeroff introduced and explained to us the interpretation of fairy tales from the psychological perspective. And this as Dr. Mazeroff did explain could not be explained better than from the perspective and interpretation of two most important schools of thoughts Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud. Through they had different points of view on the psychology of how human mind function and perceive things or dreams, their ideas make you think. The first time that Jung met with Freud in 1906 they talked for 13 hours and as they would describe their talk as "interminable”.
The study of Myths and Fairy Tales started with Freud but not until 19 century. Freud believed that every explanation of fairy tales and dreams one would interpret as reflection of the persons own Id, Ego and Superego. Same as fairy tales dreams come from the persons subconscious. According to Freud fairy tales can be best explained in the psycho analysis of the explanation of( Id) that personify the pleasure, the( ego) the personifies the rational thinking, and the( superego) the moral behind every thought.

Jung interpretation of fairy tales goes through many psychological concepts such as the collective unconsciousness, the archetype, the synchronicity and the complex. The collective unconscious as a repository of racial memories encoded in cells and passed genetically. So according to Jung even though we are from different part of the world we do not share the same culture, language or religion, we embody same component of unconscious. Archetypes emerge in fairy tales or dreams for example the “shadow” that personify part of us that it is negative or underdeveloped, etc. Despite our diversity we all perceive the same archetype figure described in fairy tales such as the “evil step-mother” etc. Jung accepts that every detail in fairy tales has a purpose and delivers a message.

Fairy tales, explain phenomena that connect the present with the past, teaches lessons and delivers messages. According to Freud fairy tales express underlying conflict and developmental issue. According to Jung fairy tale express growth and transformation.
We can see dreams personalized in Fairy tales and Fairy tales personalized in dreams.

I would like to thank Dr. Mazeroff for his interesting lecture. And for all the interested in Carl Jung and Sigmund Freud ideas and how they affected each other, I would recommend the  new movie “ A Dangerous Method” .

Sources:
Dr. Mazeroff’s lecture
Class notes




Monday, February 6, 2012

“Imagination is more important than knowledge“ Here the fairy tale definition starts


And so said by an excellent mind like that of Albert Einstein this quote makes more sense while talking about fairy tale. Knowledge has limits, imagination does not, it embraces everything in the world. One thing that fairy tales need is imagination, free you mind no barriers you can go everywhere be everyone and do whatever you want. You can even transform beast or frogs into prince and live happily ever after. Imagination affect our life's in a way that we never thought about, it affects our feelings, our emotions as well as our intellect. For this fairy tales are like a school of humans inner problems, helping our consciousnesses to find the right solution for those problems. Imagination is the mother of fairy tales and as every mother she delivers love and happy positive energy without boundaries. Children find meaning of life through fairy tales but that does not mean that fairy tales are for children only, in fact fairy tales where made by adult for adult not for children but later on they got into the children world as they will survive longer there in the children imagination and help them in their process of growing up facing and dealing with the problems of the society and life it self. As Freud may characterize fairy tales according to human behavior has a form of escape to human suffering.
” Applying the psychoanalytic model of the human personality, fairy tales carry important messages to the conscious, the preconscious, and the unconscious mind, on whatever level each is functioning at the time”.Trying to explain the child the fairy tale from an adult perspective is wrong it destroys the child's imagination and perception on finding his own way through life . Every one has a different perception about tales, each of us find a character that likes more or percept the same scene in different form for this every one should have their own imagination and perception of fairy tales.

 One may ask the question: why do we need to see so many fairy tales in the end they seem like they deliver the same message? And we in fairy tale class will answer that : Tales tend to describe one and the same fact but this fact it is so complex for us so we need hundreds of tales until this fact is delivered in our consciousness. And that is why we have seen , heard or read so many tales but never got bored of them. Certain themes of tales go as far back as twenty-five thousand years before Christ. Even after all this time the basic motifs of tales has not changed . In Europe fairy tales used to be the prime form of entertainment for adults and children.
According to the author Jack Zipes fairy tales were widely used by aristocratic women in the salons. This was a kind of an imagination that one would make up to amuse the listener. Fairy tales are all different from each other but all of them have one thing in common; every single tale has an "image".
Where fairy tales come from? We have two assumption about the origins of fairy tale one that fairy tales was originated in a specific country and spread from there through other parts of the world through  migration , trade etc.
And the second assumption is that different tales were created in different parts of the world at the same time.Fairy tales where short so one could easily memorize and circulate, simplicity is another important fact that characterize fairy tales.
Here was a summary of some important fact about fairy tale. Who could have thought that fairy tales would have had a long journey and carry important messages to the conscious, preconscious and unconscious mind; indeed fairy tales have a long history, important purpose and do not forget "imagination" this is the key to positive feelings and to fairy tales.


 Bibliography
Bruno Bettelheim, The Uses of Enchantment , New York: Vintage Books Editions, May 2010 .
Von Franz, Mary-Louise. The Interpretation of Fairy Tales. Boston: Shambhala
     Publications, Inc., 1996. Print.
Zipes, Jack. Fairy Tales and the Art of Subversion. New York: Routledge Taylor
     and Francis Group, 2006. Print.
Class notes.

Sunday, January 29, 2012

Adela Cinderella: My favorite fairy tale

Fairy tales have been part of me since I was born.I had always dream about fairy tales I love them and I always use to imagine stories like I was in one of them. I took SIS: Fairy Tale class as I find it very fascinating I never thought about the other side of the story and as in every story apparently even in fairy tales there is a another side of it. I grew up with folk and fairy tales. Folk tales I used to hear them from the elders of the family and fairy tales I used to watch on TV or read them in children books.

My all the times most favorite fairy tale is Cinderella. I have watched that movie hundreds time, many different production of it. There have been many movies as well that embody Cinderella in a kind of way, one of them and my most favorite is Pretty Women. Cinderella for me has a magic in it, every time i watch it it gives me a kind of happiness. Her pureness and her kindness even after what happen to her and the evil way she was treated by her step mother and her stepsisters , her soul never got evil. She is a hard working and a dreamer. She never gave up her dreams about being free, being happy, and meeting the prince the love of her life. So one day all this became real. I think this movie delivers a strong message "never give up your dreams" and one day they may become you so wanted reality. Another message in this story is her kindness even after all the evil things happening to her she never got evil she  kept the gift of forgiveness that is another important message about staying allaways positive and not being infecting my the evil of others. Cinderella apart of being a nice happy ending story delivers many possitive messages for this it is one of  my favorite fairy tale of all times. A good looking princess in the end finds her prince that gives her freedom, love and happiness. Every princess dream...